The hip joint is the connection between the head of the femur and the part of the pelvic bone known as the acetabulum. It is a ball and socket joint, allowing for a large range of motion in multiple planes.
As the hip develops and matures in utero and throughout childhood, it is vulnerable to malformation and deformities, particularly to the head of the femur. The vasculature to this area is also vulnerable, as it is the only section of the body where blood flow travels from a more distal site. These deformities can result in a variety of symptoms that can be present in young childhood, or even as an adolescent.
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