Neurological disorders are diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. In other words, the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscles.
One of the Diseases we will cover in the article is, Multiple sclerosis. Multiple Sclerosis is a progressive and unpredictable chronic disease of the nervous system. The disorder occurs when the protective sheath that covers nerve cells and aids conduction of nerve signals in the brain and nervous system becomes irreversibly damaged as the body incorrectly recognises the protective sheath on the nerve cells as a foreign body and mounts an immune response to it. This leads to the interruption of the messages travelling along the affected nerves.
The exact cause of multiple sclerosis is not yet known. The condition affects around two and a half million people worldwide, 70% of sufferers are female, and there is an apparent genetic linkage with 10% to 20% of sufferers having a relative with the disease.
Multiple sclerosis is more prevalent in colder climates, therefore the further away from the equator a country is, the higher the incidence of multiple sclerosis.
In this article, we will introduce Two more types of neurological disorders: Bell’s palsy and spina bifida, we will look into the causes, symptoms and treatment.
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Please find an interesting link to: Australian Government Department of Health