Common Knee Conditions

The knee joint is one of the largest and most important joints in the human body.  It contains many different types of tissues to maintain its structure, providing both strength and movement.  Because of this, there are a large number of conditions that can occur from injury to the knee.  The bones, muscles, bursae, tendons […]

The Knee Joint

The knee joint is the largest and one of the strongest and most important joints in the human body.  It is a synovial hinge joint which typically means that it allows motion in one plane, flexion and extension, however, the knee joint is slightly unusual in that it allows a small amount of rotation. The […]

Paediatric Hip Conditions

The hip joint is the connection between the head of the femur and the part of the pelvic bone known as the acetabulum.  It is a ball and socket joint, allowing for a large range of motion in multiple planes. As the hip develops and matures in utero and throughout childhood, it is vulnerable to […]

Degenerative Joint Disease

Degenerative joint disease is characterised by a group of mechanical abnormalities involving degradation of joints, including the cartilage which is a slippery tissue between the ends of bones in joints, and subchondral bone which provides support for the cartilage at the articular surface. You can read our article in full below: Degenerative Joint Disease

Cerebral Aneurysm

The word aneurysm comes from the Greek word aneurysma which means widening.  An aneurysm is, basically, a bulge in an artery.  Aneurysms can be congenital, meaning that they are present at birth, or they can occur due to a weakening in the arteries caused by high blood pressure, head trauma or atherosclerosis (blocked arteries). A […]

Brain Haemorrhages

To gain a better understanding of what can go wrong within the brain it is essential to know what occurs and what it looks like when it is functioning normally.  This week we are looking at the layers of the brain rather than the areas. A brain haemorrhage involves bleeding in the brain, resulting in […]

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is an uncommon chronic pain condition that can affect the arms, legs, hands or feet of a patient, following an injury.  Rarely, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome affects other parts of the body. The severity of the patient’s symptoms varies greatly, as does the duration of the condition.  There is no […]

Chronic Pain

One in every five Australians suffer from chronic pain.  Whether it is the slice of a paper cut, the crack of a broken bone, the throb of a headache or an ache that niggles in your back, pain serves an important purpose.  It warns us when we are injured or when something is not quite […]

Neuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity is a relatively new and very exciting discovery in the specialty that is neuroscience, and it can open up a whole world of possibilities to those who may previously have been beyond hope of rehabilitation. The term neuroplasticity can be defined as the brain’s ability to change its structure and function in response to […]

Neurological Discorders

Neurological disorders are diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system. In other words, the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscles. In this article, we will introduce three types of neurological disorders: multiple sclerosis, Bell’s palsy and spina bifida. You can read our article in […]