Types of Bone Fracture

Radius & Ulna Fracture

The word fracture means break, but the term ‘broken bone’ is a colloquialism, as break is not a formal orthopaedic term. A bone may be completely fractured or partially fractured. A bone fracture (sometimes abbreviated #) is a medical condition in which there is a break in the continuity of the bone. A bone fracture […]

Spinal Conditions

Image of the Spine

There are many different spinal conditions. Spondylosis is a common degenerative condition of the spine that is caused by age related changes in the intervertebral disks. It can cause pressure on the nerve roots with subsequent sensory and, or motor disturbances, causing pain and numbness. Condition Description Annular Tear An annular tear describes a hole or rip in the […]

Brain Disorders

Brain Image

Cerebral Palsy Cerebral refers to the cerebrum, the largest portion of the brain. The cerebrum controls and integrates motor, sensory and higher cognitive functions, such as thought, reason, emotion and memory.  Palsy refers to a disorder of movement. Causes Every fifteen hours, an Australian child is born with cerebral palsy.  Cerebral palsy is caused by […]


Sciatica Image

The Sciatic Nerve The sciatic nerve is the longest and largest nerve in the human body.  Just like the spinal cord, it is approximately the width of a human finger. The sciatic nerve is made up of a combination of spinal nerves, namely L4, L5, S1, S2 and S3, and forms on the right and […]

Common Orthopaedic Conditions

Photo of the Shoulder

Interesting facts Orthopaedic is a word derived from the Greek “Ortho” and “Pais” or “straight child”. This is because it was originally used as a word to describe children with spine and limb deformities. Nowadays, Orthopaedics is more commonly used to describe the study and medical treatment of the musculoskeletal system, namely the bones and […]

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome

Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is an uncommon chronic pain condition that can affect the arms, legs, hands or feet of a patient, following an injury.  Rarely, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome affects other parts of the body. Complex Regional Pain Syndrome accounts for approximately 2% to 5% of adult pain clinic patients and up to […]

Ankle Surgery

Anatomy of Ankle Joint

Did you know the average person walks 177,000 kilometres in their lifetime? That is the equivalent to walking around the world four times. When walking normally, the ankle joint bears a force of approximately five times our body weight, and up to thirteen times our body weight during activities such as running.  Therefore, the ankle […]


Meningitis Brain Image

Overview The word meningitis means swelling of the meninges. The meninges are protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. There are several different types of meningitis and they vary in severity. Although meningitis can be life threatening due to its proximity to the brain and spinal cord, it depends on the causative factor as […]

The Heart

The Heart Body Imagine

A scientist found that horses’ heart rates mirror those of human subjects touching them. A study of 2,500 men aged 49 to 54 found that having an orgasm at least three times a week cut in half the likelihood of death from coronary heart disease. Over the course of a day, about 100,000 heart beats […]

Thyroid Disorders

Thyroid Imagine

The Thyroid Gland The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped organ located in the neck.  It is wrapped around the windpipe just below the Adam’s apple.   The thyroid gland secretes thyroid hormones that regulate metabolism and growth.  Thyroid disease occurs when there is an imbalance of thyroid hormones produced. This can be due to either […]