Chronic Pain

Overview One in every five Australians suffer from chronic pain.  Whether it is the slice of a paper cut, the crack of a broken bone, the throb of a headache or an ache that niggles in your back, pain serves an important purpose.  It warns us when we are injured or when something is not […]


Image of the Lungs

Pneumonia is a form of acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs. The lungs are made up of small sacs called alveoli, which fill with air when a healthy person breathes. When an individual has pneumonia, the alveoli are filled with pus and fluid, which makes breathing painful and limits oxygen intake. Pneumonia is the […]

Myocardial Infarction

The Heart Image

This week in LexiMed Educates we are looking at a potentially fatal condition that is of an increasing danger to the westernised society; the heart attack. There were 22,983 deaths in 2006 due to coronary heart disease. This was 17% of total deaths of that year.  It is also worth knowing that women may have […]

Fatty Liver

Fatty Liver Image

Overview We all realise when we have a bit too much fat around the midriff, it is plain for all to see. What about having too much fat in your liver? You cannot see it or feel it, so most people do not even know it is present. Fatty liver disease is common in westernised […]

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Image

Overview Carpus is derived from the Greek word karpos, which means “wrist.” A band of fibrous tissue surrounds the wrist and supports the joint. There is a tight space between this fibrous band and the wrist bone called the carpal tunnel. The carpal tunnel is the passageway in the wrist that connects the forearm to […]

The Respiratory System

Lungs Image

We need oxygen to keep our bodies functioning on a cellular level, and the respiratory system is the part of the body that enables this to happen. The respiratory system is a group of organs and tissues that enable us to breathe. The main parts of this system are the lungs, the airways, and the […]

The Liver

Image of a Liver

Introduction The liver is a large, meaty organ that sits on the right side of the upper abdomen. It is the second largest organ in the body, after the skin. Weighing one and a half kilograms on average, the liver is reddish brown in colour and feels rubbery to the touch. It is protected by […]

Spinal Nerves

Anatomy of the Spinal Cord To discuss the spinal nerves and how they work we first have to understand the anatomy of the spinal cord and column.  The spinal column supports the head and protects the spinal cord, which is attached to the brain and extends down the centre of the back.  It is approximately […]

The Human Eye

The Human Eye Image

The eye is a sense organ which allows us to obtain more information from our surroundings than each of the other four sense organs. The eye allows us to see and interpret the shapes, colours and dimensions of objects in the world by processing the light they reflect or emit.  The eye is able to […]


Brain Image

The word Neurology comes from the Greek words νεῦρον, (neuron) meaning nerve; and λογία (logia) meaning study of. A neurologist specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, disorders and impaired function of the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, and the autonomic and somatic nervous system. Central Nervous System Consists of the brain […]